Sambal Ikan Bilis (Delicious Spicy Anchovy)












100g ikan bilis (Anchovy – washed and drain well and pound with grindstone – batu giling )

Spices (pounded)

120g shallots (removed skin)
5 cloves garlic (removed skin)
10 dried chillies (soaked until soft and cut into pieces)
1 onion (removed skin and shredded – use extra if you like more)
2 tbsps tamarind pulp (mixed with 100ml water and squeezed out juice)


¼ tsp salt
1 tbsp sugar
1 tsp toasted belacan powder


Heat up oil till medium hot and leave about 3 tbsps oil in wok, saute pounded spices until fragrant.

Add in onion and stir-fry until soft. Put in ikan bilis (Anchovy) and stir-well.

Pour in tamarind juice and stir-fry until almost dry.

Add seasoning and stir-fry until well mixed.

Taste and dish up, serve with rice.

Good to eat with omellete.

Sea Creature

Striped Surgeonfish










Striped Surgeonfish also known as Doctorfishes, Lancetfishes, Striped Surgeon, Lined Surgeon, Lined Surgeonfish, Blue Lined Surgeonfish, Blue Banded Surgeonfish, Bluebanded Surgeon, Clown Surgeon, Clown Surgeonfish, Pyjama Clown, Clown Tang and Tang Clown.

Surgeonfish have a blade like spine in the tail that points outwards when bent, unicorns have two hook-like plates along the tail, these are used for defence and are as sharp as a surgeons scalpel, hence the name “Surgeonfish”. Some species are venomous.









This is one of the most beautiful of the surgeonfishes and also one of the most aggressive. It exhibits fluorescent blue and yellow lateral lines on the head and sides of the body, while the ventrum is white. It is capable of instantaneous color change. For example, the head will become dark and the body pale when it attacks intruders. This species is most prevalent in shallow water on the reef flat, reef crest and reef face. It feeds on larger filamentous algae and fleshy macroalgae, usually off of hard, flat substrates.

Striped Surgeonfish it occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 38 cm in length. Like all tangs it is laterally compressed.

It occurs throughout much of the central and Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is known from off north-western Western Australia and from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to northern New South Wales.

Other interesting species in the surgeonfishes family are such as Palette Surgeonfish, Whitecheek Surgeonfish, Whitetail Surgeonfish, Yellowfin Surgeonfish, Barred Rabbitfish and many more.















Scientists believe that the world’s seas hold some 1,200 different venomous fish species and estimate that they injure about 50,000 people per year. But fish venoms can also bring great benefit—they are useful in the development of new drugs.


Wide blue yonder

A beautiful picture shows a thousand of meaning without a single word of explanation to it.
For those who loves nature will not regret ever to feel the glory that hides inside of these pictures…. Hope you enjoy and feel they way I felt it too….

Tootlepedal's Blog

Today’s picture is from my recorder playing friend Sue’s holiday on a  Greek island.  Looks quite nice there.

sue in greece

It was almost as sunny there as it was in Langholm this morning and I had taken several photos before Dropscone and I set out for the customary pedal.

A frog was already sunbathing.

frog sunbathing

I like the paradoxically white pinks.  You can see the simple pattern of the developing flower in the bottom left of the picture below and the incredibly complex result of maturity at centre stage.


The blue Himalayan poppy looked happy to be here.

himalayan poppy

To go with my white birthday peony, Mrs Tootlepedal has been nurturing this gorgeous beast as well.

I stooped snapping when Dropscone arrived and we set off towards Callister.   I felt so perky that I was almost tempted to go past the five mile mark but a nagging twinge in my knee persuaded me to…

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Cuti-Cuti Malaysia · Ocean of Discovery · Sea Creature

Aquaria KLCC


The Aquaria KLCC







is an underwater park located beneath Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre within Kuala Lumpur City Centre development precinct.







This “ ocean of discovery ” is unveiled at the Aquaria KLCC right in the heart of the city. It is the first commercial aquarium in the Federal capital and a wonderful place to spend the school holidays with the family.

It’s a RM60 million aquarium featuring some 5,000 aquatic and marine animal exhibits of over 150 different species from Malaysia and around the world – some caught, some sourced and some given. Boasting of an area spanning two levels and covering over 5,500 sq m, making it the largest in the world, the Aquaria has 19 tanks with various environments to keep and display fishes from various parts of the world.

Attractions to the Aquaria KLCC are the journey of water where you can find Sand Tiger Shark, Giant Blotched Fantail Ray, Arapaima, Luna & Loco, Red-bellied Piranha, Tawny Nurse Shark, Green Turtle, Giant Grouper, Moon Jelly, Coatimundi, Water Rat  and many more.





The aquarium is also home to monkey-eating catfish from Endau Rompin, sharks from Singapore and the endangered fresh water tortoise called “ Chitra-chitra ” which were saved from the cooking pot.

A lot of visitors come here to learn more about the marine life and see what we have to offer, the feeding times are extremely popular with the crowd. Sometimes, there are divers get into the tanks to feed the fishes and marine life, and visitors crowding around the tanks during that times.





Rocky The Shark – If you are lucky, you might catch them  strolling along at Aquaria KLCC during special occasions. Don’t forget to grab your camera as they strike a pose for you!




health · Thalassemia


Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetic blood disorders. To understand how thalassemia affects the human body, you must first understand a little about how blood is made.

Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying component of the red blood cells. It consists of two different proteins, an alpha and a beta. If the body doesn’t produce enough of either of these two proteins, the red blood cells do not form properly and cannot carry sufficient oxygen. The result is anemia that begins in early childhood and lasts throughout life.

Since thalassemia is not a single disorder but a group of related disorders that affect the human body in similar ways, it is important to understand the differences between the various types of thalassemia.

There are two type of Thalassemia :

  • Thalassemia Trait – also known as Thalassemia minor
  • Thalassemia Major – also known as beta Thalassemia

Thalassemia Trait  – Carrier

thalassemia carrier is someone having a thalassemia mutation in one of the two genes involved in normal red blood cell production. For a person to be thalassemic, he must have a gene defect on both genes. This thalassemia carrier state, also called thalassemia minor or thalassemia trait, causes no direct health problem but can result in having a child with severe thalassemia if also the partner is a carrier.

A mild form of Thalassemia minor may be mistaken for iron deficiency anemia. Iron medicines are not usually necessary and will not help your anemia. They could even be harmful if taken over a long period of time.

Do the carriers have the disease?

Carriers of the thalassemia trait do not have a disease. They have no physical or mental symptoms and do not require a special diet or medical treatment. The condition cannot become a serious disease over time, indeed, most will be unaware that they are carriers unless specifically tested. However, some carriers may experience mild anemia, which may be inaccurately diagnosed as iron deficiency anemia. Laboratory tests can easily differentiate between the two.

Problem may occur?

The problem is that carriers could have thalassemia major children. In other words, when two carriers have a child, there is a 25% chance with each pregnancy, with a one to four, that the coming child would have thalassemia major.

Probabilities of having a thalassemia child

-When one parent is a carrier and the other is free, there will be no risk of having a child with B- thalassemia majorHowever, there will be probability to give birth to a carrier child by 50%.

When both parents are carriers, for every pregnancy there is one in four (25%) chance that the child will have thalassemia major, one in two (50%) chance that the child will carry the thalassemia trait, and one in four (25%) chance that the child will be completely unaffected.

Thalassemia Beta

Thalassemia majoroccurs when production of the beta globin protein is affected by gene defects, resulting in red blood cell destruction and anemia. Thalassemia major is most common in people of Mediterranean descent, including Greeks and Italians. African Americans and Asians, especially Chinese, are also genetically predisposed to the blood disorder. Prenatal screenings and genetic counseling are available to those who are concerned about a family history of the disease.

When a baby is born with thalassemia major, the diagnosis is not always apparent until the child develops anemia, usually during the first year of life. Symptoms of thalassemia major that a parent may notice include fussiness, poor appetite, and increased infections. As the child matures, other symptoms may include delayed growth, bone deformities in the face, and an extended abdomen caused by liver and spleen swelling. Without treatment, the blood disorder can result in heart-failure and liver problems.


The most common treatment for thalassemia major is a regimen of regular blood transfusions. Patients are often prescribed an additional medication, called chelation therapy, to reduce the damaging effects of the transfusions, since they can cause an abnormal accumulation of iron in the body. Most patients are also advised to take daily doses of folic acid. Bone marrow transplantation may be a viable treatment option in some patients, especially children, and those who have full siblings who can serve as matched bone marrow donors. Though these treatment options have improved the prognosis for many patients, long term survival remains a challenge for those who are affected by severe cases of the disease.

Thalassemia major is diagnosed using blood tests. A complete blood count (CBC) identifies anemia, while smaller than average red blood cells and other abnormalities that are characteristic of the blood disorder can be viewed under a microscope. An additional test called a hemoglobin electrophoresis helps to further identify the abnormal hemoglobin that is typical of this type of thalassemia.

For More Information About Thalassemia Please click on link below;


The Blog

This is a guest post by Kristina Chang, Evan Moore, Tony Xu, and Omer Rabin; students at the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

“What makes a blog popular? What drives page views?” These are the questions that we’ve been trying to answer over the last few weeks. We were on a mission to dig into the data and analyze the strongest parameters that influence the flow of visitors to blogs.

Out of the 30+ million blogs on, we randomly selected a sample of almost 100,000 blogs to perform a regression analysis. Here are our findings, together with a few recommendations. We hope that this provides some new information, and kudos to you in case you’ve already incorporated these tips into your blog – the data suggests that you’re on the right track. Keep it up!

Make your blog easy to follow – It almost sounds obvious, but the…

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