Striped Surgeonfish also known as Doctorfishes, Lancetfishes, Striped Surgeon, Lined Surgeon, Lined Surgeonfish, Blue Lined Surgeonfish, Blue Banded Surgeonfish, Bluebanded Surgeon, Clown Surgeon, Clown Surgeonfish, Pyjama Clown, Clown Tang and Tang Clown.
Surgeonfish have a blade like spine in the tail that points outwards when bent, unicorns have two hook-like plates along the tail, these are used for defence and are as sharp as a surgeons scalpel, hence the name “Surgeonfish”. Some species are venomous.
This is one of the most beautiful of the surgeonfishes and also one of the most aggressive. It exhibits fluorescent blue and yellow lateral lines on the head and sides of the body, while the ventrum is white. It is capable of instantaneous color change. For example, the head will become dark and the body pale when it attacks intruders. This species is most prevalent in shallow water on the reef flat, reef crest and reef face. It feeds on larger filamentous algae and fleshy macroalgae, usually off of hard, flat substrates.
Striped Surgeonfish it occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 38 cm in length. Like all tangs it is laterally compressed.
It occurs throughout much of the central and Indo-Pacific. In Australia it is known from off north-western Western Australia and from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland to northern New South Wales.
Other interesting species in the surgeonfishes family are such as Palette Surgeonfish, Whitecheek Surgeonfish, Whitetail Surgeonfish, Yellowfin Surgeonfish, Barred Rabbitfish and many more.
Scientists believe that the world’s seas hold some 1,200 different venomous fish species and estimate that they injure about 50,000 people per year. But fish venoms can also bring great benefit—they are useful in the development of new drugs.